acts as the Holy City for three monotheistic religions. It’s said to have two natures: the heavenly, and the earthly. Sometimes, the earthly elements seem just the same as any regular city. Even navigating the streets of the city, checking out the holy sites and seeking out spiritual moments, you may be slightly jostled by crowds who lack the respect that you have for the city.
However, it’s possible that Jerusalem is the place where respect for space was first invented. God said of the holy city, “My Name shall be there” (I Kings 8:29).Jerusalem is also where the famous story of Abraham and his son Isaac occurred. Maybe you want to come here to stand on the spot where Abraham stood when the angel stopped him as he was about to sacrifice his son. Maybe you want to walk down the Mount of Olives.
Perhaps you want to pray under ancient olive trees at the Garden of Gethsemane. You could even want to behold an empty tomb at Golgotha. Maybe you want to walk up stairs leading to the Temple as Jesus did, or see the place where Peter healed a beggar.
Every day at the Pool of Siloam, the site where a beggar was healed, skilled archeologists dig up stones that Jesus would have been around.
The holy city is a great place to celebrate biblical holidays with Jewish people in the Holy City – the celebrations of the Tabernacles, Passover and Pentecost.
In Jerusalem, you’ll learn the meaning of a true sacred space.
Visitors can relive many Biblical moments and see where Jesus walked through the streets carrying the cross. Even though it’s been more than 2,000 years since Jesus carried the cross, the crowds on the streets remain the same – not offering to help strangers, ignoring the needs of others. The streets are filled with the smells of cinnamon, myrrh, coriander, sage and cumin from vendors striving to get your attention.
Jerusalem, the holiest city in the world, is the capital of Israel: the city that has 70 names of love and yearning and which, on old maps, appears at the center of the world. Visiting the city can be emotionally overwhelming, but it will provide an unimaginable religious and spiritual experience, complete with tours and adventures filled with excitement.
The city is the center of spirituality and several religions and acts as a pilgrimage site for millions of tourists. Tourists visit from around the world. The reason that the city acts as this religious center can be found thousands of years ago. The city has a history filled with struggles and war.
Because of its convenient geographical location, many nations wanted to capture the Old City. Various nations succeeded and did rule over the city for a period of time. Jerusalem has known love and hate, war and peace, poverty and riches, happiness and pain, and destruction and renewal.
Jewish tradition says that the world was created more than 5,700 years ago.
It started with a foundation stone on Mount Moriah, located under the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount. It is at this site where Can’anite, an important royal city, was built. King David took the city from the Jebusites in 1004 BCE, making it the capital of his kingdom.
His son, Solomon, built the first temple there and his descendents – Hezekiah, Zedekiah and Judean Kings – followed in his footsteps and built and fortified the city’s boundaries. They also built Hezekiah’s tunnel, which acted as a water supply system.
These efforts showed they were well worth the trouble when King Sennacherib of Assyria attempted to siege the city. Because of these effords, King Sennacherib couldn’t subdue the city and had to withdraw his attack.
It took until 586 BCE for anyone to capture Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar conquered the city. The Jewish capital was destroyed, and most of the city’s inhabitants were exiled to Babylon. In 538 BCE, Xerxes, the King of Persia, permitted the exiled Jews to return after capturing Babylon.
The returning Jews then built the Second Temple.
Judea remained an autonomous district for about 370 years under the Persians and the Greeks. The Hasmonean Revolt in 168 BCE led to Jerusalem once again becoming the capital of the Kingdom. It later came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and King Herod expanded the temple.
After the Second Temple period, Jerusalem became a city filled with religious and social tension. During this time, Jesus began preaching in Nazareth. In 66 CE, Jews rebelled against the Roman Empire and took back the city of Jerusalem.
The revolt ended in 70 CE, and at the time, Titus led the Romans to conquer the city, destroy the temple and exile the inhabitants. The city remained desolate for the next 60 years, until the Bar Kokhba Revolt. Then, the Jews returned for a short period of time. In 135 CE, Roman people rebuilt the city, renaming it Aelia Capitolina, and banning the Jews from living within it.
When the Roman Empire accepted Christianity, Jerusalem once again became a prominent religious city.
In 638, Muslims conquered Jerusalem and afterward built the Dome of the Rock and the Al Aqsa mosque. After the Muslim conquest, Jewish people returned to the city and it once again became the Jews’ spiritual capital.
However, the Crusaders also wanted to rule the holy city, so they conquered the city in 1099 and massacred the Jewish and Muslim residents.
In 1187, Saladin defeated the Crusaders.
When that happened, the Jews returned to Jerusalem and have stayed here since.
In the War of Independence, many bloody battles and ceasefire agreements resulted in Jerusalem becoming divided between Israel and Jordan. The capital became liberated in the Six Day War in 1967, and the two parts of the city were reunited to become Israel’s largest city.
The Mamluk dynasty rose to power over Egypt in 1250. The rulers then conquered the region to become the new lords of the city of Jerusalem. The ottoman Empire spread to the city in 1517, and the city fell under Turkish rule for 400 years.
Inside Jerusalem you can find Gethsemane.