Temple Mount is one of the most important sites listed in monotheistic faiths. It houses the Dome of the Rock and the Western Wall.
When King Solomon first built his Temple in Jerusalem, the hillside became an important religious symbol and is still reverenced by Muslims and Jews today. Solomon built the Temple, which David was forbidden from using, with the help of Phoenician craftsmen from Tyre. He then built a platform around the edge of the hill that encircled cedar and the bronze building. It was meant to be the focus of Jewish worship for all time. However, after his reign ended, the Northern Kingdom declared autonomy, so the Temple ceased to be used by everyone but the tribes of Judea and Benjamin.
The Babylonians destroyed the temple in 586 BCE. They killed inhabitants of Judea. After 50 years, Persia intervened, becoming the ones with imperial power, and they returned to restore the Temple.
The Temple stood on the Temple Mount again until Herod the Great tore it down in 20 BCE. He started constructing a new building, which was finished 60 years after his death. He also built a platform around it so the Gentiles could go there without profaning the sacred areas.
The Romans destroyed the temple again during the Jewish revolt in 70 AD, but the platform remained.
When Omar, the first caliph, came to the city, he built the Dome of the Rock in the space where the Temple had stood previously.
Temple Mount was referenced several times in the Scripture.
1 Kings 5:1-6
1 Kings 5
- 1 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father; for Hiram always loved David.
- 2 And Solomon sent word to Hiram,
- 3 “You know that David my father could not build a house for the name of the Lord his God because of the warfare with which his enemies surrounded him, until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet.
- 4 But now the Lord my God has given me rest on every side; there is neither adversary nor misfortune.
- 5 And so I purpose to build a house for the name of the Lord my God, as the Lord said to David my father, ‘Your son, whom I will set upon your throne in your place, shall build the house for my name.’
- 6 Now therefore command that cedars of Lebanon be cut for me; and my servants will join your servants, and I will pay you for your servants such wages as you set; for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians.”
Temple Mount is one of the most holy places in Israel and you must see it! But you have seen nothing yet;
see what The Western Wall have to offer